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指导学生读好书、读经典,全面提高学生素质——教育部基础教育课程教材发展中心负责人就《中小学生阅读指导目录(2020年版)》答记者问
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手机足球投注网RIQIAN,《JIAOYUBUJICHUJIAOYUKECHENGJIAOCAIFAZHANZHONGXIN ZHONGXIAOXUESHENGYUEDUZHIDAOMULU(2020NIANBAN)》FABU。JIAOYUBUJICHUJIAOYUKECHENGJIAOCAIFAZHANZHONGXINFUZERENJIUYOUGUANWENTIHUIDALEJIZHEDETIWEN。

一、社会各界对学生阅读指导十分关注,请介绍一下《指导目录》出台的背景。 

手机足球投注网DA:YINDAOXUESHENGDUHAOSHU、DUJINGDIAN,DUIYUQUANMIANTIGAOXUESHENGSUZHI,DAHAOZHONGGUODISE,HOUZHIHONGSEJIYIN,PEIYANGDANDANGMINZUFUXINGDARENDESHIDAIXINRENJUYOUZHONGYAOYIYI。《ZHIDAOMULU》DECHUTAIZHUYAOYOUYIXIASANGEFANGMIANDEBEIJING: 

YISHILUOSHIDANGZHONGYANGGUOWUYUANGUANYUSHENHUAJIAOYUGAIGEHEQUANMINYUEDUDEJUECEBUSHU。DANGZHONGYANGGUOWUYUANDUISHENHUAJIAOYUGAIGEZUOCHULEYIXILIEZHONGDAJUECEBUSHU,ZAIDANGDESHIJIUDAHEQUANGUOJIAOYUDAHUISHANG,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIQIANGDIAOLUOSHILIDESHURENGENBENRENWU,PEIYANGDEZHITIMEILAOQUANMIANFAZHANDESHEHUIZHUYISHOUJIZUQIUTOUZHUWANGZHEHEJIEBANREN。JINNIANLAI,GUOWUYUAN《ZHENGFUGONGZUOBAOGAO》DUOCITICHUCHANGDAOHETUIDONGQUANMINYUEDU,QUANMINYUEDUYIJINGBUJINGUANHUGERENXIUYANGYUSUZHI,ERQIEGUANHUGUOJIAWENHUARUANSHILIYUHEXINJINGZHENGLI。GUANGDAZHONGXIAOXUESHENGSHIQUANMINYUEDUDEZHONGYAOQUNTI,ZHIDAOXUESHENGJIAQIANGYUEDU、ZHENGQUEYUEDU,SHIQUANMIANGUANCHEDANGDEJIAOYUFANGZHEN、LUOSHIQUANMINYUEDUJUECEBUSHU,PEIYANGXUESHENGJIANDINGLIXIANGXINNIAN、HOUZHIAIGUOZHUYIQINGHUAI、JIAQIANGPINDEXIUYANG、ZENGZHANGZHISHIJIANSHI、PEIYANGFENDOUJINGSHEN、ZENGQIANGZONGHESUZHIDEZHONGYAOJUCUO。

手机足球投注网ERSHIYUEDUDUIYUCUJINZHONGXIAOXUESHENGCHENGZHANGJUYOUZHONGYAOYIYI。QINGSHAONIANERTONGSHIGUOJIADEXIWANGHEWEILAI,QINGSHAONIANERTONGDESUZHIGUANXIWEILAIZHONGHUAMINZUZHENGTISUZHI,GUANXIGUOJIAQIANTUHEMINZUMINGYUN。QINGSHAONIANZHENGCHUYUSHIJIEGUAN、RENSHENGGUAN、JIAZHIGUANXINGCHENGDEGUANJIANSHIQI,DUSHUDUIYUTIGAOQINGSHAONIANERTONGDESIXIANGZHENGZHISUZHIHEKEXUEWENHUASUYANGJUYOUZHONGYAOYIYI。CONGJINNIANLAIWOGUOCANJIADEGUOJIXUESHENGXUEYENENGLICESHILAIKAN,WOGUOXUESHENGJICHUZHISHIHEJIBENNENGLICESHICHENGJIJUYUQIANLIE,DANYUEDUSHULIANGXIANGDUIBUZU,YUEDUNENGLIYOUDAITIGAO。XUYAOJINYIBUPEIYANGXUESHENGDEYUEDUXINGQUHEYUEDUXIGUAN,CUJINXUESHENGZAIXITONGYUEDU、SHENCENGCIYUEDUZHONGFAXIANWENTI、SIKAOWENTI,ZENGZHANGJIANSHI、TISHENGSUYANG。

SANSHIBANGZHUXUEXIAO、JIAZHANGHEXUESHENGJIEJUEXUANZESHUMUSHANGDENANCHU。DANGQIAN,SHICHANGSHANGDETUSHUZHONGLEIFANDUO、SHULIANGJUDA,ZHONGXIAOXUEXIAO、JIAZHANG、XUESHENGWUSUOSHICONG。SHOUJIZUQIUTOUZHUWANGZUZHIZHUANJIAYIJUZHONGXIAOXUESHENGSHENXINFAZHANTEDIANHEJIAOYUGUILV,CONGGUJINZHONGWAIDEZUOPINZHONGTUIJIANSHAOERJINGDEYOUXIUZUOPIN,YINDAOXUESHENGDUHAOSHU、DUJINGDIAN,WEIZHONGXIAOXUESHENGFENNIANLING、FENXUEDUANYUEDUTIGONGKEXUEZHIDAO。TONGSHIYEJIEJUEXUEXIAO、JIAZHANGHEXUESHENGXUANZEKUNNANDEWENTI,RANGXUESHENGZAIYOUXIANDESHIJIANNEITIGAOYUEDUXIAOLVHEYUEDUZHILIANG。

二、《指导目录》的研制标准是什么?

DA:《ZHIDAOMULU》DEYANZHIZHUYAOJIANCHILE6GEYUANZE:

YISHIFANGXIANGXING。JIANCHIZHENGQUEDEZHENGZHIDAOXIANGHEJIAZHIQUXIANG,JIANCHILIDESHUREN,ZUNXUNJIAOYUGUILV,YIWENHUAREN,WEIQUANMIANFAZHANSUZHIJIAOYU、PEIYANGDEZHITIMEILAOQUANMIANFAZHANDESHEHUIZHUYISHOUJIZUQIUTOUZHUWANGZHEHEJIEBANRENSHOUJIZUQIUTOUZHUWANG。

ERSHIDAIBIAOXING。XUANZELISHISHAIXUANJIDIANXIADEJUYOUJIAOGAOSIXIANGJIAZHI、WENHUAJIAZHIHUOKEXUEJIAZHIDEDAIBIAOXINGJINGDIANDUWU,JIANGUDUOGEXUEKE、BUTONGSHIDAI、DUOZHONGWENHUAHESHIJIEDUOGEDIQU,TEBIESHIZHUZHONGJICHENGHEHONGYANGZHONGHUAYOUXIUCHUANTONGWENHUA、GEMINGWENHUAHESHEHUIZHUYIXIANJINWENHUA。

SANSHISHIYIXING。ZUNZHONGXUESHENGSHENXINFAZHANGUILV,GENJUQINGSHAONIANERTONGBUTONGSHIQIDEXINZHIFAZHANSHUIPING、RENZHILIJIENENGLIHEYUEDUTEDIAN,KEXUEDIXUANZESHIHEBUTONGXUEDUAN、NIANLINGDUANDEQINGSHAONIANERTONGDUWU,TIEJINXUESHENGDESIXIANG、XUEXI、SHENGHUOSHIJI,TUCHUQUWEIXING,ZHUZHONGDUIXUESHENGYOUQISHIDINIANLINGDUANXUESHENGYUEDUXINGQUHEYUEDUXIGUANDEPEIYANG。

SISHIJICHUXING。DUIDUWUJINGTIAOXIXUAN,ZUODAOLIANGSHAOZHIJING,ZUOWEIQUANGUOZHONGXIAOXUESHENGKENEIWAIYUEDUDEJICHUTUIJIANSHUMU,NULIWEIQUANTIQINGSHAONIANERTONGKEXUEWENHUASUYANGDEXINGCHENGHEGUOMINJIBENSUZHIDETISHENGDIANDINGJICHU。

WUSHIQUANMIANXING。FUGAIDUOLINGYUDUOXUEKE,ANZHAOXUEKEFENBIETUIJIAN,HELIFENPEIGELEIBIEDEBILI,PINGHENGJIANGUDUWUDEXUEKE、GUOBIE、TICAI、TICAI、FENGGE、NIANDAIDENGYINSU,GUANTONGGUJINZHONGWAI;TIXIANXUEDUANDEXIANJIEHETIDU,DATONGKENEIWAIDEJIEXIAN,ZONGHEKAOLVKECHENGBIAOZHUN、JIAOCAIHEJIAOXUESHIJI。

LIUSHIKAIFANGXING。YUSHIJUJIN,GENJUJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANXUYAODUIYUEDUZHIDAOMULUSHISHIJINXINGDONGTAIDIAOZHENG,CICI《ZHIDAOMULU》BIAOZHU(2020NIANBAN),JIANGBUDUANWANSHANGENGXIN。

三、请介绍一下《指导目录》的研制过程。

DA:《ZHIDAOMULU》YANZHIGONGZUOYU2019NIAN3YUEFENQIDONG,SHOUJIAOYUBUWEITUO,JIAOYUBUJICHUJIAOYUKECHENGJIAOCAIFAZHANZHONGXINZUZHILAIZIGUOJIAJIAOCAIWEI、YOUGUANGAOXIAO、YANJIUJIGOUHEZHONGXIAOXUEXIAODE110DUORENDEZHUANJIATUANDUI,JINGGUOJICHUYANJIU、ZHUANYETUIJIAN、SHENRULUNZHENG、JINGXINLINXUAN,XINGCHENG《ZHIDAOMULU》。

DIYIJIEDUANSHIJICHUYANJIU。YISHISHULIHEYANJIULEGUONEIWAIYOUGUANXUESHENGYUEDUDEBIAOZHUN;ERSHISHULIHEFENXILEYOUGUANXUESHENGYUEDUDEYANJIUWENXIAN;SANSHIHUIBIANHETONGJILEGUONEIYIYOUDAIBIAOXINGSHUMUJIFENJIYUEDUSHUMU;SISHISHOUJIHEZHENGLILESHIJIESHANGBUFENGUOJIAHEDIQUGONGBUDEYUEDUSHUMU。

手机足球投注网DIERJIEDUANSHIZHUANYETUIJIAN。ZUJIANLEYOUGUOJIAJIAOCAIWEIWEIYUAN、ZHONGGUOKESHOUJIZUQIUTOUZHUWANGYUANSHIHEZHONGXUANBUDENGYOUGUANBUMENDEFUZETONGZHI、YUEDUTUIGUANGRENHEZHONGXIAOXUEXIAOZHANGDAIBIAODENGGEGELINGYUDEGONG16WEIZHUANJIAGOUCHENGDEZHUANJIAWEIYUANHUI,ZHUANJIAWEIYUANHUITAOLUNQUEDING《ZHIDAOMULU》SUOLIETUSHUFENLEI、LINXUANBIAOZHUNHELINXUANCANKAOFANWEI。RANHOUCHENGLIRENWENSHEKE、WENXUE、ZIRANKEXUEHEYISHU4GEFANGMIANGONG48RENZUCHENGDEZHUANJIAGONGZUOZU,CONGQUEDINGDELINXUANCANKAOFANWEIZHONG,TUIJIANCHUSHIHEZHONGXIAOXUESHENGYUEDUDETUSHU。

DISANJIEDUANSHISHENRULUNZHENG。ZAIZHUANJIAWEIYUANHUIDEZHIDAOXIA,XIANHOUZUZHIZHUANJIAGONGZUOZUJINXINGSHITISHUTONGDU,ZONGHEZUJINXINGXUEDUANSHIYIXINGSHENDU,LAIZIGUOJIAJIAOCAIWEISIZHENGSHENYIDENGZHUANWEIHUIDE14WEIZHUANJIAJINXINGSIXIANGZHENGZHISHENCHA,YANBATUIJIANTUSHUDEZHENGZHIGUAN、SIXIANGGUANHEKEXUEGUAN。TONGSHI,MIANXIANGJIAOYUJIE、KEXUEJIE、XINWENJIE、CHUBANJIEDENGLINGYUZHIMINGRENSHI,GAODENGYUANXIAO、YANJIUJIGOUQUANWEIZHUANJIAHEXIANGGUANBUWEIFUZETONGZHIDENGGEGEFANGMIANGONG36WEIDAIBIAOGUANGFANZHENGQIUYIJIAN,XIUGAIWANSHAN《ZHIDAOMULU》。ZUIHOUZHUANJIAWEIYUANHUITAOLUNTONGGUO《ZHIDAOMULU》。

《ZHIDAOMULU》YANZHILISHIYINIAN,XIANHOUJIZHONGZHAOKAIHUIYI12CI,ZHUANJIATUANDUINEIBUHUIYI20YUCI,CONGGUJINZHONGWAIHAORUYANHAIDETUSHUZHONGLINXUANTUIJIAN,NULITUCHUFANGXIANGXING、DAIBIAOXING、SHIYIXING、JICHUXING、QUANMIANXINGHEKAIFANGXING,LIQIUJIANGUDUOGEXUEKE、BUTONGSHIDAI、DUOZHONGWENHUAHESHIJIEDUOGEDIQU。

四、《指导目录》的基本结构是什么?

手机足球投注网DA:GENJUQINGSHAONIANERTONGBUTONGSHIQIDEXINZHIFAZHANSHUIPING、RENZHILIJIENENGLIHEYUEDUSHIJIAN,《ZHIDAOMULU》FENWEIXIAOXUE、CHUZHONG、GAOZHONGSANGEXUEDUAN,TUIJIANTUSHUGONG300ZHONG。KAOLVDAOZHONGXIAOXUESHENGDEYUEDUNENGLIHEYUEDUSHIJIANDEXIANZHI,TUIJIANTUSHUSHULIANGBUYIGUODUO,YIMIANCHANSHENGXUESHENGGUOZHONGDEYUEDUFUDANHEXUESHENGJIATINGDEJINGJIFUDAN。TONGCHOUKAOLVZHONGXIAOXUESHENGKEWAIYUEDUSHIJIAN、YUEDUTEDIANHETUSHURONGLIANG,XIAOXUE、CHUZHONG、GAOZHONG3GEXUEDUANFENBIETUIJIAN110ZHONG、100ZHONGHE90ZHONG。KAOLVDAOXIAOXUEJIEDUANBUTONGNIANJIXUESHENGSHENXINFAZHANQUBIEJIAODA,XIAOXUEJIEDUANZAIFENWEIDI、ZHONG、GAOSANDUAN,FENBIEYUEZHANXIAOXUETUIJIANSHUMUDE20%、30%HE50%。

WEILUOSHIDEZHITIMEILAOQUANMIANPEIYANGDEJIAOYUMUBIAO,JIEHEZHONGXIAOXUEXUEKETEDIANHEKESHIANPAI,《ZHIDAOMULU》HUAFENWEIRENWENSHEKE、WENXUE、ZIRANKEXUEHEYISHUSILEI。MEIGEXUEDUANZHONG,RENWENSHEKELEITUSHUYUEZHAN20%,WENXUELEITUSHUYUEZHAN50%,ZIRANKEXUELEITUSHUYUEZHAN20%,YISHULEITUSHUYUEZHAN10%。QIZHONG,RENWENSHEKEBUFENTUCHULISHILEIDUWUDEZHANBI,BANGZHUXUESHENGJIANLIZHENGQUEDELISHIGUAN。

手机足球投注网《ZHIDAOMULU》TUIJIANZHONGGUOZUOPINBILIWEI76.7%,WAIGUOZUOPINBILIWEI23.3%,PEIYANGZHONGXIAOXUESHENGZHUZHONGZIJUEYANXUZHONGHUAYOUXIUWENHUAJIYIN,ZENGQIANGMINZUZIZUNXIN、ZIXINXINHEZIHAOGAN,YOUZHUZHONGCONGBUTONGWENMINGZHONGXUNQIUZHIHUI、JIQUYINGYANG。

五、《指导目录》有哪些主要特点?

手机足球投注网DA:《ZHIDAOMULU》YIXIJINPINGXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISIXIANGWEIZHIDAO,YOUJIRONGRUSHEHUIZHUYIHEXINJIAZHIGUAN,TIXIANMAKESIZHUYIZHONGGUOHUAZUIXINCHENGGUO,LUOSHIZHONGHUAYOUXIUCHUANTONGWENHUAJIAOYU,QIANGHUAGEMINGCHUANTONGJIAOYU,YINDAOXUESHENGAIDANGAIGUOAISHEHUIZHUYI,TONGSHIZHUZHONGXISHOURENLEIWENMINGDEYOUXIUCHENGGUO,LIYUXUESHENGKAIKUOGUOJISHIYE,ZENGQIANGRENLEIMINGYUNGONGTONGTIDEYISHI。

RENWENSHEKELEIZHUZHONGXUANZEFANYINGLINGXIURENWU、ZHONGYAOLISHIRENWUHEYINGXIONGMOFANRENWUDEZUOPIN,JIANGDANGSHI、GUOSHIHEGAIGEKAIFANGSHIGUANCHUANSANGEXUEDUAN,BANGZHUXUESHENGZENGQIANG“SIGEZIXIN”,PEIYANGZHONGXIAOXUESHENGAIGUOZHUYIQINGHUAI。WENXUELEIJIZHUZHONGTUIXUANZHONGGUOCHUANTONGWENXUEMINGZHUHEHONGSEJINGDIANZUOPIN,BANGZHUZHONGXIAOXUESHENGHONGYANGZHONGHUAYOUXIUCHUANTONGWENHUA、JICHENGGEMINGWENHUA;YOULINXUANLESHIJIEWENXUEMINGZHUHEWAIGUODANGDAIYOUXIUZUOPIN,BANGZHUZHONGXIAOXUESHENGZENGQIANGDUIYOUXIUDUOYUANWENHUADELIJIE。ZIRANKEXUELEIXUANZELECHONGFENFANYINGGUJINZHONGWAIKEXUECHENGJIUDEJINGDIANZHUZUO,BINGZHUZHONGTUIJIANDANGDAIZHONGGUOZUOJIADEYUANCHUANGKEPUZUOPIN,PEIYANGXUESHENGDEKEXUETANSUOJINGSHEN。YISHULEIZHEZHONGTUIJIANFEIWUZHIWENHUAYICHANXIANGGUANDUWU,BANGZHUXUESHENGLEJIEHEJIANSHANGCHUANTONGXIQU、SHUFAHEGUDAIJIANZHU,PEIYUHETIGAOXUESHENGSHENMEINENGLI。

六、《指导目录》与现行国家语文课程标准和统编语文教材推荐阅读的图书是什么关系?

DA:GUOJIAYUWENKECHENGBIAOZHUNHETONGBIANYUWENJIAOCAISHEJIDEYUEDUTUSHU,JIBENSHANGDOUNARU《ZHIDAOMULU》。《ZHIDAOMULU》SHIDUIXIANXINGGUOJIAYUWENKECHENGBIAOZHUNHETONGBIANYUWENJIAOCAIDETUOZHANYUYANSHEN,《ZHIDAOMULU》BUJINBAOKUOWENXUEZUOPIN,HAIBAOKUORENWENSHEKE、ZIRANKEXUEHEYISHULEITUSHU,《ZHIDAOMULU》SUOLIEZUOPINHEZUOJIAFUGAIMIANYEYOUTUOZHAN,KEYIZENGQIANGXUESHENGDEXUANZEXING。

七、学生、家长和学校应该怎样使用《指导目录》?

DA:SHOUXIAN,TUIJIANTUSHUGONGXUESHENGZIZHUXUANZE,BUZUOQIANGZHIYAOQIU。《ZHIDAOMULU》DUIYUZHONGXIAOXUESHENGFENGFUJINGSHENWENHUASHENGHUO、TIGAOSIXIANGZHENGZHISUZHIHEKEXUEWENHUASUYANGJUYOUZHONGYAOYIYI。《ZHIDAOMULU》SUOLIETUSHUGONGXUESHENGZIZHUXUANZEYUEDU,GEDIGEXIAOBUZUOTONGYIYAOQIU,BUDEQIANGZHISHIYONG。

QICI,TUIJIANTUSHUBUYAOQIUXUESHENGQUANBUBIDU,TICHANGJINGDU。XUESHENGKEGENJUGERENXINGQUXUANZE《ZHIDAOMULU》ZHONGDEBUFENTUSHU,BUZUOQUANDUYAOQIU。TICHANGXUESHENGZAIFANFUYUEDU、SIBIANZHUOMODEJINGDUGUOCHENGZHONGZENGZHANGJIANSHI,PEIYANGNENGLI。

CIWAI,TUIJIANTUSHUBUZHIDINGBANBEN,XUESHENG、JIAZHANGHEXUEXIAOKEJINXINGZIZHUXUANZE。WEISHIZHONGXIAOXUESHENGYOUGENGDUODEYUEDUXUANZE,《ZHIDAOMULU》ZHITUIJIANZUOPINMINGCHENG、ZUOZHEDENG,BUZHIDINGJUTIBANBEN(CHUBANSHE),XUESHENG、JIAZHANGHEXUEXIAOKEYIGENJUSHIJIQINGKUANGXUANZESHIHEDEBANBEN。

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